Sickle cell disease is an inherited blood disorder that affects red blood cells. People with sickle cell disease have red blood cells with abnormal hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body.Sometimes these red blood cells become sickle-shaped (crescent shaped) and have difficulty passing through small blood vessels.
When sickle-shaped cells block small blood vessels, less blood can each that part of the body. Tissue that does not receive a normal blood flow eventually becomes damaged. This is what causes the complications and pain of sickle cell disease.
Children with sickle cell disease are at risk for school absenteeism as well as health complications that can interfere with learning. Parents should be aware of the options available for school management of Sickle celll disease, as outlined in this guide from the CDC